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13

Nov 2018

The Types Of Rums

Posted by / in Responsible Drinking /

No matter whatever the reason, rum is for all seasons, wouldn’t you agree? It is perhaps one of the most well-liked alcohols around the world. The history of rum dates far back to the colonial era when it was considered to be a trade necessity.

In today’s times, it is preferred not only as a stand-alone drink but, as an ingredient in cocktails too! So let us briefly brush up the ‘grammar’ of rum. As common knowledge goes, rum is a fermented & distilled alcoholic drink made from sugarcane & its by-products such as molasses, sugarcane juice, sugarcane syrup etc., and then aged in wooden or stainless steel casks.

Rums are generally categorized by colour, the process of distillation, and the period of ageing based on regional variations such as varying rules & laws of the rum-producing countries.

While the colour of rum is determined by the ageing process, the taste and aroma depend upon the yeast, which is added during the process of fermentation. The longer the rum is left to age, the darker it is. However, it also depends upon the molasses which are used in the rum-making process. Dark rums are commonly preferred for consuming neat or straight up, and the lighter rums are mostly used in cocktails.

So, let’s quickly take you through a short list of the types of rums –

Dark Rum

Most dark rums are made from caramelized sugar or molasses and go through the process of double distillation. The third distillation leads to a darker, full-bodied black rum with rich and intense flavours. Rum is left in the casks to age for longer which gives a bolder and dense flavour in comparison to gold or light rums and are commonly used in cooking.

Gold Rum

Gold rums are medium-bodied, they have a smoother taste in comparison with dark rums and a stronger richer taste than white or light rums.

White Rum

White rums are also called ‘light’ or ‘silver’ rums and age for a much lesser duration in comparison with gold or dark rums. White rum is left to age in stainless steel casks and often filtered during the process to reduce the colour. Light rums have a slightly sweeter and milder taste which makes them the preferred choice in cocktails.

 Spiced Rum

Spiced rums are golden or darker in colour and made from molasses or sugarcane syrup. Once the clear spirit is left to age in oak barrels and a certain golden tint attained, the rum is then infused with herbs and spices. These spices include rosemary, anise, black pepper, cinnamon etc. Added herbs and spices give a unique flavour to the rum.

Fruit-Flavoured Rum

This rum is a unique blend of rum infused with fruit flavours such as pineapple, banana, mango, etc., which amplifies the sweetness of rum and, gives it a distinct and complex flavour. Much like spiced rum, this infusion of fruit flavours occurs after the process of fermentation and distillation. These types of rums are a popular choice as a cocktail ingredient.

Premium Rums

These are left to age in oak barrels for a long duration which gives a very rich character and flavour. Premium rums are mostly produced and sold by boutique brands.

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13

Nov 2018

The History of Alcohol

Posted by / in Responsible Drinking /

Humankind is known to have enjoyed the bliss of drinking booze since time immemorial.

Whether it’s enjoying a chilled beer in summers, savouring the finest scotch on a cold winter night or upping the game with a daring game of tequila shots, alcohol finds a way in our lives for all reasons and seasons.

But do you know how old is your favourite spirit & which part of the world does it come from? By old we mean ‘ancient’, not merely the ‘ageing process’ of alcohol, but when did it originate?

Today, let’s take you through a trivia timeline of the history and origin of alcohol.

Beer

As the ‘wiki’ listing goes, beer is one of the oldest alcoholic drink produced by humans. Its origin can be traced to as far back as the 5th millennium BC in mountain regions of Zargos, Iran. The tests of various pottery jars discovered have strongly suggested that beer production was a part of Iranian culture tracing back to about 7000 years ago.

Beer also finds a place in Mesopotamian and Egyptian history which was duly recorded.

It was also a major alcoholic beverage in the Babylonian era. In fact, according to researchers, beer and wine were two alcoholic beverages which the Babylonians gave as offerings to their deities and gods.

According to the most recent survey, the first and the oldest brewery discovered was in a prehistoric cave in Israel. The oldest beer traces which have been discovered during this survey can be traced to about 13000 years ago!

Wine

The wine has been produced for thousands of years and until about a year ago, the earliest evidence of wine production known to the researchers dated back to about 7000 years ago in Iran. The evidence of 7000 years old fermentation of grape-based fermented wine was traced in China. The scientists also discovered the first winery with its roots in Armenia, dating back to 6100 years BC. With the spread of trade in the subsequent years and centuries, the wine culture also reached the western shores.

It is also interesting to note that the earliest literary references to wine were common around 7th-8th century BC in the compositions of Homer and Alkman.

Bachhus is considered as the god of wine in Roman mythology and Dionysus is his Greek counterpart.

According to the newest studies conducted, the scientists believe that the 8000-year-old fragments of pottery which have been discovered strongly show the earliest evidence of winemaking.

Rum

The historical account of Middle Ages has linked the production of rum to Persia, Cyprus in the Middle East. And later, in a comparatively modern world, rum has found strong roots in the colonial history of America. The origin of rum was traced to the Caribbean, where the plantation slaves discovered the use of molasses in rum-making.

Commercial rum is believed to have originated in the 1630s in Barbados, however, the quality of rum produced there was not considered of fine quality. The increase of colonial impact on the world also witnessed an increased rum production in other parts of the world.

Cont’d.

(Do watch out this space for more trivia on the history of different types of alcohol)

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12

Sep 2018

Types of Alcohol Glassware

Posted by / in Responsible Drinking /

Are you planning to invite your friends over a weekend party? Whether you’re serving scotch straight up or serving wine to someone, it is important to serve drinks in the right kind of glasses is as vital as stocking your bar well and deciding the right menu while hosting a get-together.

So, just in case if you have hit a slight bump on the road in that direction, we’re here to crack the code for you about alcohol glassware.

Different types of alcohol require different serving glasses. For example, it is unsuitable to serve beer in a wine glass, or rum in tequila shot glass, or even whisky in a champagne flute for that matter…do you get the drift?

As long as you intend to get mighty tipsy, it doesn’t really matter what kind of shape or size of glass you drink from. However, there is a scientific reasoning behind the different shapes and sizes of alcohol glassware, as they affect the aroma, flavour and the temperature of drinks.

 

Beer Glass

Image Source: https://learn.kegerator.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/different-beer-glasses.jpg

 There is not one but a wide variety of beer glassware. Beer glasses come in many shapes and sizes which affects the aroma and flavour. For example, a wide rimmed glass encourages gurgling to register the bitterness at the back of the tongue, whereas, the narrow-mouthed rims make the tongue feel the sweetness and acidity of the beer.

Pilsners, pint glasses, snifters, stout glasses, tasters.

The shape and size of beer glasses also reflect the national traditions, for example, stout glasses, stein glasses, Weizen glasses, beer boots, etc.

 

Martini Glass

Image Source: https://i.pinimg.com/originals/d3/dd/22/d3dd223c600de1e8e5ba5e2d5ea26f51.jpg

 Martini glass is a wide-mouthed and V-shaped stemmed glass, meant for serving martinis. The drinks are mixed with ice, shaken and then strained into these glasses, so the wide rim helps to inhale the aroma of cocktail ingredients. The cone-shaped glass helps in maintaining the temperature of the straight-up drink. One of the popular cocktails served in this type of glass is Manhattan.

  

Champagne Flute Glass

Image Source: https://images.crateandbarrel.com/is/image/Crate/NattieChampagneGlass7ozSHF15/?$web_product_hero$&150817110035&wid=625&hei=625

 The champagne flute is a long stemmed and tapered slender glass used to serve champagne. The long stem of this glass enables the person to hold the glass without affecting the temperature of the bubbly, and the slender design retains the bubbles in flute glasses for longer. This glass is also used for sparkling wine and the flute can hold a drink of up to 6 to 10 oz fl in capacity.

 

Champagne Coupe Glass

Image Source: https://i.ebayimg.com/images/i/151386916372-0-1/s-l1000.jpg

 Originally champagne was served in the champagne coupe, which is also known as a champagne saucer. It is a stemmed glass with a broad and shallow bowl to hold the drink. Over the years, champagne flutes have become a popular choice for champagne lovers. It has a serving capacity of 4 to 8 oz fl of drink.

 

Highball Glass

 

Image Source: https://vignette.wikia.nocookie.net/cocktails/images/9/9a/Highball.jpg/revision/latest?cb=20110225225901

 The highball glass is a tall tumbler glass with a serving capacity of 10 to 12 oz fl. It is used to serve the tall cocktails with fizzy bubbles.

 

Lowball Glass

Image Source: https://cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0222/0474/products/9888-w_classic-rocks-glass_1400x.jpg?v=1498188939

A lowball glass is a short and wide rimmed glass which is used to serve flat drinks without additional liquids. With the serving capacity of 4-6 oz fl, a classic drink served in lowball glass scotch on the rocks.

 

Old-Fashioned/Rocks Glass

Image Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9c/Oldf_Fashioned_Glass.jpg

Like lowball glass, an old-fashioned or rock glass is a short tumbler glass used to serve flat drinks like the classic ‘whisky on the rocks’ or old-fashioned bourbon blends. These glasses have a thick base and are wide rimmed with a serving capacity of 6–10 oz fl. The glasses with tapered base is commonly considered as ‘old-fashioned glass’.

 

Collins Glass

Image Source:  https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0a/Collins_Glass.gif

 Collins glass is a glass tumbler with a serving capacity of 10-14 oz fl and is used for serving mixed cocktails. It is slightly taller and narrower than a highball glass.

 

Wine Glass

Image Source:

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a5/A_glass_of_red_wine.jpg

 https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/71/White_Wine_Glas.jpg/220px-White_Wine_Glas.jpg

 Like beer glasses, there are many variations in shapes when it comes to wine glasses as well. A wine glass is essentially a stemmed glass with a different shape to enhance the aroma and flavour of the wine. For example, red wines are bolder wines and hence, the glasses for red wines are stemmed with wider and rounder-shaped bowl which increases the oxidation rate of wine. The slower oxidation eventually alters the complex flavour and aromas of the wine.

White wine is typically served in glasses which have a comparatively smaller rim and smaller bowl which helps in maintaining a cooler temperature, preserves and enhances the aromas and acidity.

 

Shot Glass

Image Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fb/Three_shotglasses.jpg/220px-Three_shotglasses.jpg

A shot glass is a small glass which is used to measure the quantity of liquor to be mixed in a cocktail. It is also used to drink straight up and quickly from the glass in one go. A shot or small dose of liquor is gulped down or consumed in the form of ‘bottoms-up’, as it is commonly called. Vodka and tequila shots are very popular among the party-goers.

 

A parting note: The list mentioned here is short as there are numerous other types of drinking glasses under the sun! As we mentioned earlier, if you want to get tipsy, the size or shape of a glass becomes irrelevant. However, there are correct tools and glassware for a bar which provide a better drinking experience. So make the most of this knowledge and have an enjoyable drinking experience.

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